A licensed clinical psychologist, Leslie S. Pratch leads Pratch & Company, a consulting firm that assesses the personality and overall functioning of business executives to predict their future performance as business leaders using its Active Coping Assessment system. In her book, LOOKS GOOD ON PAPER? Using In-Depth Personality Assessment to Predict Leadership Performance (Columbia University Press, 2014), Leslie S. Pratch examines the four assumptions her coping assessments make regarding personality.
1. Personality is a theoretical constructs, not a concrete object. Even so, the complexity of a personality can still be assessed scientifically.
2. Using the correct methodology and training, it is possible to predict the effects that personality has on decision-making.
3. Though some aspects of a personality can be changed with concerted effort, the degree to which such changes are possible is limited. Personalities act as a function of a person’s individual history, with childhood playing a particularly foundational role. This restricts the extent to which a personality can be reshaped.
4. A personality operates on the unconscious, semi-conscious, and conscious levels, each of which affects how a person feels, thinks, and acts.